Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Basic Concept and Role of Memory Enhancer (Muqawwi-E-Hafiza) Unani Drugs in the Management of Alzheimer’s Disease (Nisyaan-E-Shekhukhi): A Review

Nafisa Qibriya Khan, Mohd Furqan Ahmad Patel, Mohd Salim Shaikh, Rizwana Salim Shaikh, Tanveer Ahmad Khan


Alzheimer's disease is a neurological disorder in which the death of brain cells causes memory loss and cognitive decline, defined as a dementing illness in which anterograde amnesia is a dominant symptom and is the most common cause of Dementia in the elderly. There is no direct mention of this condition in classical Greek literature, but Alzheimer's disease is almost always associated with forgetfulness or fasaad-e-takhayy’ul. Although the etiology is not very clear but Unani scholars have mentioned that this is due to viscid phlegm (Balghame Ghaleez) and excess moistness (rutubat) in the brain; or in other words, because of it sue mizajbaridratab or sue mizajuqawwiyaat, Moaddilaat, Munish-e-Haraarat Ghareeziyah works to increase memory.


Alzheimer’s disease, phlegmatic humour, dementia, Nisyaneshekhukhi, fasaad-e-takhayy’ul

Full Text:


References Alzheimer Disease, University of Maryland Medical Center.

Akhondzadeh S, Abbasi SH. Herbal Medicine in the Treatment of Alzheimer's Disease. Am J Alzheimers Dis Other Demen. 2006; 21(2): 113–8p.

Azam Khan, Hakim Mohammad. Iksir-e-Azam, Urdu translation by Allama Hakim Kabiruddin. Vol. 01. Daryaganj, New Delhi-2.

Ahmad SI. Principles of Human Physiology in Tibb. Delhi: New Public Press; 1980; 7, 205–207p.

Jeelani Ghulam. Makhzan-e-Hikmat. Vol-02. Deoband, India: Faisal Publication; 2009; 766p.

Al-Tabri AABSR. Firdaus-ul-Hikmat. Urdu translation by Mohammad Awwal Shah Sambhali. New Delhi: Idara Kitabul Shifa; 2002; 150–151p.

Kumar PJ, Clark ML. Clinical Medicine. 6th Edn. Saunders Elsevier; 1253–1256p.

Arzani, Akbar. Tibb-e-Akbar. (Urdu translation by Hakeem Mohd. Hussain). Idara Kitab-al-Shifa; YNM; 41–43p.

Souhami RL, Moxham J. Textbook of Medicine. 4th Edn. China: Elsevier Limited; 2004; 1347p.

Jeelani Ghulam, Makhzan-e-Hikmat. Deoband, India: Faisal Publication; 2009; 2. 66p.

Ahmer SM, et al. Mizaj: Theory of Greko-Arabic Medicine for Health and Disease. Asian Journal of Complementary and Alternative Medicine. 2015; 03(06): 01–09p.

Iqbal Nafees. Approaches for the Treatment of Alzheimer Disease in Unani Medicine. Journal of Integrated Community Health (JICH). Jan–Jun 2012; 01(01): 25–29p.

Khan Ajmal Hkm. Haziq. New Delhi: Biswin Sadi Publication (P) Ltd.; 2000.

Gupta GL, Rana AC. Withania Somnifera (Ashwagandha): A Review. Phcog Rev. 2007; 1(1): 129–136p.

Ghani Najmul. Khazainul Advia. Delhi: Idara Kitabul Shifa. 2010. 1133p

Ponnusamy K, Mohan M, Nagraja HS. Protective Antioxidant Effect of Cantellaasiatica Bioflavonoids on Lead Acetate Induced Neurotoxicity. Med J Malaysia. 2008; 63(Suppl A): 102p. Creative Farmers Walnut Seeds. Ashwagandha Indian Ginseng Seeds. Asiatica Leaves. Boswellia Benefits.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Research & Reviews: Journal of Herbal Science