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A Review of Phytochemistry and Biological Activities of Anisomeles malabarica

Neeraj Choudhary, Amit Kumar, Naveen Bimal, B.V Krishna Reddy


The oldest remedies known to mankind are herbal medicines. India is known worldwide for its Ayurvedic treatment. Ethno botanically, the leaves of the plant Anisomeles malabarica are used against convulsions, for dyspepsia in intermittent fevers, colic, boils, tetanus, inflammation, cough, cold, stomachache, itches and in uterine affections. Citral, betulinic acid, β-sitosterol, ovatodiolide, anisomelic acid, anisomelolide, malabaric acid, 2-acetoxymalabaric acid, anisomelyl acetate, anisomelol and anisomelin were present in the leaves of the plant. The A. malabarica reported to possess antifertilty, antispasmodic, anticancer, diuretic, antimicrobial and anticonvulsant activity. This review describes geographical distribution, taxonomy, morphology, histology, phytochemistry and biological properties of the plant.
Keywords: Anisomeles malabarica, convulsions, inflammation, cough, cold, stomachache, β-sitosterol, ovatodiolide, anisomelic acid, anisomelolide, anisomelin

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