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What Every Person Must Know About the Preliminary of String Theories to Evolve All Super Clusters, Galaxies, Stars, Planets, Planetesimals in the Universe

Rupak Bhattacharya, Dr.Pranab Kumar Bhattacharya, Upasana Bhattacharya, Ritwik Bhattacharya, Aiyshi Mukherjee, Rupsha Bhattacharya, Debashish Mukherjee, Dalia Mukherjee, Hindol Banerjee


The basic things of string theory say that we live in an accelerating and ever expanding universe today. String theory also supports the inflation theory of the Big Bang, where a period of rapid expansion happened in the history of the early Universe. Most of the theories in string theory are focused on understanding a theory of broken Supersymmetry. Only after following conditions are met is destroyed would De-Sitter space appear in the String theory. Thus, in order to keep the universe's stability, we have to meet the challenges posed by collapsing the supersymmetry in the string theory. In String theory, vacuum (voids) was created along with N≥ 2 supersymmetry; there may be flat universes or modules. The energy as we go along three directions in space time (as it is in scalar field theory), there are rather many flat directions or dimensions in string theory. In field theory, the space is remaining constant and in fact vanishes immediately. But there are 100 flat directions in compactification in string theory. The flat directions or dimensions are however very bad in Big Bang standard model cosmology. Flat directions cause however many problems in the standard Big Bang model. The big question to us is that, does String theory allows the De-sitter universe, -a Universe with negative cosmological constant to anti De-sitter space and inflation theory of Big Bang? It is known that De-sitter space can only arise if and when Super symmetry is broken. In the string theory N≥2 Supersymmetry there are many flat directions or many space time dimensions. The energy as we go along, then these spaces is a constant and intact vanishes identically and these directions are therefore bad news from the part of cosmology. Cosmologically flat directions also ruin successful prediction of nucleosynthesis later. However a new class of string compactification called "flux compactification" are there. As predicted by the quantum physics, additional important theoretical contributions curl up in this compactification, and small size impulses are activated alongside the compactified orientations. These fluxes have included a finer form generalisation of the magnetic flux in electromagnetic theory, activating charges and the prospective in modular space, causing new minima to appear in areas or field spaces where the prospective can be computed with control.


Cosmic String , Hadrons,quarks, anti quarks, Big Bang standard Model, GUT , super heavy strings, Gluons Minkowski space, oscillation of strings, Supersymmetry and Evolution of galaxies,

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