Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

History and Historiography of Colonial Rule in Yorubaland: 1894-1960

Iyanda Kamoru Ahmed, Adjah Ekwang Adjah


This paper discusses the colonial rule in Yorubaland from 1894 to 1960. General Concept in this context means penetration of Colonial Rule into Yorubaland through the treaties and imposition of colonial administration over the paramount chiefs to govern Yorubaland effectively. In 1894 the British began to establish their authority in Yorubaland. However, this was preceded by a period of Christian missionary activities which paved way for the subsequent control of British Colonial Officers. The process of British influence and expansion in Yoruba land owed much to the Christian Missions. The objective of this work is to study the history of Yorubaland from 1894 to 1960 AD. The work is to give adequate attention to the area within the historical framework. Scholars had written on the urbanization of some towns and cities in various parts of the world but no scholar has ever attempted to examine the colonial rule in Yorubaland from 1894 AD. A multi-disciplinary approach had been used in writing this thesis. Oral information was extensively used in cross checking written data. I had the privilege of knowing and interviewing knowledgeable persons within Yorubaland. Similarly, this work is the first of its type at this level written by an indigene and this represents indigene‘s perception of history of Yorubaland. Both oral sources and archival materials are used in the within of this thesis. In the course of this research, I have consulted numerous books, none of which clearly deals with colonial rule in Yorubaland from 1894 to 1960 AD. The literature that deals with the history of Yorubaland neglected her urbanization. Other works that centered on Yorubaland mostly concentrated on her pre-colonial history and presented very little information on colonial rule in Yorubaland from 1894 to 1960 A.D.

Full Text:



Abimbola W. Yoruba oral literature. African Notes. 1965 Jan;2(3):12-7.

Ahmed IK. Historical X-ray of the Administration of the Judicial System in Ejigbo: 1922–1933. Journal of Capital Market and Securities Law. 2022;5(1):32-44.

Ajibola JO. Administration of justice in the customary courts of Yorubaland. University Press Limited; 1982.

Ajisafe AK. The laws and customs of the Yoruba people.

Akpan NU. Epitaph to Indirect Rule: A Discourse on Local Government in Nigeria.

Asein JO. Introduction to Nigerian legal system. Sam Bookman Publishers; 1998.

A. ASO. "Aiyetoro": The happy city of the holy apostles' community. Eruobodo Memorial Press; 1966.

Awobuluyi O. Peace Corps Yoruba course. Institute for Education in Africa, Teachers College, Columbia University; 1965.

Busia KA. The position of the chief in the modern political system of Ashanti: A study of the influence of contemporary social changes on Ashanti political institutions. London ; New York: Published for the International African Institute, by the Oxford University Press, 1951;

Clarke WH, Atanda JA. Travels and explorations in Yorubaland: 1854-1858. Ibadan: University Press; 1972.

Cary J. Case for african freedom .. Austin: U. of Texas P.; 1962.

Morton-Williams P. Family Property among the Yorubas. By GBA Coker. London: Sweet & Maxwell, 1958. Pp. xxiv+ 314. 45s. Africa. 1961 Jul;31(3):291-2.

Dennett RE. Nigerian Studies: Or, The Religious and Political System of the Yoruba. Macmillan and Company, limited; 1910.

ELGEE CH. The evolution of Ibadan. Government Printer: Lagos; 1914.

Famoriyo S. Land tenure and agricultural development in Nigeria. Nigerian Institute of Social and Economic Research; 1979.

Forde D. The Yoruba-Speaking Peoples of South-Western Nigeria: Western Africa Part IV. Routledge; 2017 Feb 3.

Gibbs JL. Peoples of Africa. New York: Holt, Rine-hart and Winston.

Hailey. Native administration in the British African Territories: Part 3. West Africa Nigeria, Gold Coast, Sierra Leone, Gambia. London: His Majesty's Stationery Office; 1951.

Idowu EB. Olódùmarè: God in Yoruba Belief (London, 1962). Idowu160Olódùmarè: God in Yoruba Belief1962. 1962:160-i6i.

Jegede MI. What's wrong with the law? Lagos: Nigerian Institute of Advanced Legal Studies; 1993.

James RW. In: Modern land law of nigeria. Ile-Ife, Nigeria: Univ. of Ife Press; 1985.

Kirk-Greene, A.H.M. (1965), The Principle of Native Administration in Nigeria: Selected Documents, Oxford University Press

Church RH. West African Urbanisation: A Geographical View. The Sociological Review. 1959 Jul;7(1):15-28.

Lévy-Bruhl L. Revival: How natives think (1926). Routledge; 2018 Dec 20.

Lugard FD. The Dual Mandate in British Tropical Africa, London: Frank Cass & Co. Ltd. Perham. 1965.

HISKETT MERVYN. Lugard and the amalgamation of Nigeria: A documentary record. African Affairs. 1971;70(279):187–8.

MacIver RM. Society: its structure and changes. R. Long & RR Smith, Incorporated; 1931.

Obilade AO. The Nigerian legal system. Ibadan: Sweet & Maxwell; 1979.

Ojo GJ. Yoruba culture. 1966.

Okany MC. The Role of Customary Courts in Nigeria. Fourth Dimension Publishers; 1984.

Piddington R. An introduction to social anthropology. Edinburgh: Oliver and Boyd; 1963.

Okonkwo CO, editor. Introduction to Nigerian Law. Sweet & Maxwell; 1980.

Onamade PA. In: Cases and materials on offences relating to property. Lagos: Philade; 1998.

Perham MF. Native administration in Nigeria.

Perham M. In: The years of Adventure: 1858-1898. London: Collins; 1960.

Sanni AO. Introduction to Nigerian legal method.

Smith RS. Kingdoms of the Yoruba. Univ of Wisconsin Press; 1988.

TORDOFF W. Ashanti under the Prempehs iSSj-t^).

Tylor EB. Primitive culture. Londres: s.n.; 1913.

Ward E. The Yoruba husband-wife code. Catholic University of America; 1938.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

eISSN: 2231-0398