Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Neutralising Climate Change Through Fruit Crops

L. Devarishi Sharma, Rahul Sadhukhan, Debashish Hota


The fruit crops with an extended life cycle face several difficulties associated with stress. Intriguingly, the fruit crops with a short life cycle show a wider capability of adaptation without confronting many stresses of climate change. All the fruit crops possess temperature optima to cruise through proper growth and development. Fruit crops representing temperate, tropical and sub-tropical regions are affected by climate change to varying proportions, especially the temperate fruit crops due to non-fulfilment of the chilling requirement for optimum flowering, showing a rise in temperature as an important determinant. The other factors are upsurge in CO2 concentration, change in rainfall pattern leading to very often extreme events and casing unavailability of irrigation water, frequent attack by pests and diseases (emergence of new pests and diseases), frequent recurrence in physiological disorders, low-quality fruit, unavailability of compatible cultivars and multiple nutrient deficiencies affecting both nutrient carrying capacity of fruit crops and soils as well. Anintegrated breeding approach such as integrated phenotyping and genotyping are prerequisites for assessing the impact of variedstresses, responsible for the non-performance of fruit crops in such changing climate. The fruit crops could be made tolerant to the stresses in case unmapped scion and, techniques associated with genome sequencing, quick mapping traits, gene editing through biotechnological methods, phenotyping at a faster rate, and efficient putative genes are integrated using multi-omics techniques, in addition to some cultural practices.


Climate change, temperature, fruit crops, temperate, tropical and sub-tropical regions

Full Text:



IPCC. Climate change 2007. The physical science basis. In: Contribution of Working Group I to the fourth assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. 2007; Cambridge University Press, Cambridge/New York.

Calberto G, Staver C, Siles P. Climate change and food systems: global assessments andimplications for food security and trade (Albehri A ed). 2015; Ch. 9. FAO, Rome.

Ranjitkar S, Sujakhu NM, Merz J, Kindt R, Xu J, Matin MA, Ali M, Zomer RJ. Suitability analysis and projected climate change impact on banana and coffee production zones in Nepal. 2016;PLoS One 11:e0163916.

Feller U, Vaseva II. Extreme climatic events: impacts of drought and high temperature onphysiological processes in agronomically important plants. Front Environ Sci. 2014; 2:39.

Sarkar Tanmoy, Anirban Roy, Sanvar Mal Choudhary, Sarkar S K. Impact of Climate Change and Adaptation Strategies for Fruit Crops. Chapter 4. In India: Climate Change Impacts, Mitigation and Adaptation in Developing Countries. Springer Climate. 2021;79-98.

Sdoodee S, Lerslerwong L, Rugkong A. Effects of climatic condition on off-season mangosteen production in Phatthalung Province. Department of Plant Science, Prince of SongklaUniversity, Songkhla. 2010.

Phani Kumar G, M. Pal Murugan, Ashutosh A. MurkuteAnd Shashi Bala Singh. A carbon sequestration strategy involving temperate fruit crops in the trans-Himalayan region. Journal of Horticultural Science & Biotechnology. 2010; 85 (5):405–409

Pereira A. Plant abiotic stress challenges from the changing environment. Front Plant Sci. 2016; 7:1123.

Morinaga K. Impact of climate change on horticulture industry and technological countermeasures in Japan. Food and Fertilizer Technology Center, Taipei. 2016.

Crossa J, Pérez-Rodríguez P, Cuevas J, Montesinos-López O, Jarquín D. Genomic selection in plant breeding: methods, models, and perspectives. Trends Plant Sci. 2017; 22:961–975.

Bose TK, Mitra SK, Farooq AA, Sadhu MK. Tropical fruits. 1999; Nayaprakash, BidhanSarani.

Nath V, Kumar G, Pandey SD, Pandey S. Impact of climate change on tropical fruitproduction systems and its mitigation strategies. In: Climate change and agriculture in India:impact and adaptation. Springer International, Cham. 2019.

Verma MK. Walnut production technology. In: Training manual on teaching of postgraduate courses in horticulture (fruit science). 2014a; Post Graduate School, Indian AgriculturalResearch Institute, New Delhi.

Verma MK. Apple production technology. In: Training manual on teaching of postgraduate courses in horticulture (fruit science).2014b; Post Graduate School, Indian AgriculturalResearch Institute, New Delhi.

Verma MK. Pear production technology. In: Training manual on teaching of post-graduate courses in horticulture (fruit science). 2014c; Post Graduate School, Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi.

Verheij EWM, Coronel RE. Edible fruits and nuts: plant resources of South-East Asia. 1992; vol 2. ETI, Amsterdam, pp 128–131.

Ghosh SP. In: Govindasamy B, Duffy B, Coquard J (eds) Status report on genetic resources of jackfruit in India and SE Asia. 2000; IPGRI, New Delhi.

Haq N. Fruits for the future 10. Jackfruit (Artocarpusheterophyllus) Southampton Centre forunderutilised Crops. 2006; pp 192.

Tindall HD.Rambutan cultivation. Food and Agriculture Organization of the UnitedNations, Rome. 1994; ISBN 9789251033258.

Davanport TL. Reproductive physiology. In: Litz RE (ed) The mango: botany, productionand uses,2ndedn. 2009; CABI, Wallingford.

Jindal KK, Chauhan PS, Mankotia MS. Apple productivity in relation to environmentalcomponents. In: Jindal KK, Gautam DR (eds) Productivity of temperate fruits. Dr YS ParmarUniversity of Horticulture and Forestry, Solan. 2000; pp 12–20.

Basannagari B, Kala CP. Climate change and apple farming in Indian Himalayas: a study of local perceptions and responses. PLoS One. 2013; 8(10):77976.

Kim C, Lee S, Jeong H, Jang J, Kim Y, Lee C. Impacts of climate change on Koreanagriculture and its counterstrategies. Korea Rural Economic Institute, Seoul. 2010; p 282.

Fujisawa M, Kobayashi K. Shifting from apple to peach farming in Kazuno, northern Japan: perceptions of and responses to climatic and non-climatic impacts. Reg Environ Chang. 2013;

Ramirez J, Jarvis A, Van den Bergh I, Staver C, Turner D. Changing climates: effects on growing conditions for banana and plantain (Musa spp.) and possible responses. In: Yadav SS, Redden RJ, Hatfield JL, Lotze-Campen H, Hall AE (eds) Crop adaptation to climate change, 1stedn.2011; Wiley, Chichester, UK, pp. 426–438.

Van Asten PJA, Fermont AM, Taulya G. Drought is a major yield loss factor for rainfed East African highland banana. Agric Water Manag. 2011; 98:541–552.

Chen Q. Adaptation and mitigation of impact of climate change on tropical fruit industry in China. ActaHortic. 2012; 928:101–104.

Abobatta WF. Potential impacts of global climate change on citrus cultivation. MOJ EcolEnviron Sci. 2019; 4(6):308–312.

Mitra SK. Climate change: impact, and mitigation strategies for tropical and subtropicalfruits. ActaHortic. 2018; 1216:1–9.

Sugiura T. Three climate change adaptation strategies for fruit production. 2019; pp 277–292.

García-Luis A, Duarte AMM, Porras I. Fruit splitting in ‘Nova’ hybrid mandarin in relation to the anatomy of the fruit and fruit set treatments. SciHortic. 1994; 57(3):215–231.

Coombe B. Influence of temperature on composition and quality of grapes. Proceedings ofthe international symposium on grapevine canopy and vigour management. ActaHortic. 1987; 206 (22):23–35.

Hale CR, Buttrose MS. Effect of temperature on ontogeny of berries of Vitisvinifera L. cv. Cabernet Sauvignon. J Am SocHortic Sci. 1974; 99:390–394.

Keller M. Managing grapevines to optimise fruit development in a challenging environment: a climate change primer for viticulturists. Aust J Grape Wine Res. 2009; 9(145):1–14.

Keller M. The science of grapevines: anatomy and physiology.2010; Academic Press, New York.

Spayd SE, Tarara JM, Mee DL, Ferguson JC. Separation of sunlight and temperature effects on the composition of Vitisviniferacv. Merlot berries. Am J Enol Vitic. 2002; 53:171–182.

Tarara JM, Lee J, Spayd SE, Scagel CF. Berry temperature and solar radiation alter acylation, proportion, and concentration of anthocyanin in merlot grapes. Am J Enol Vitic. 2008; 59:235–247.

Daugherty MP, Bosco D, Almeida RPP. Temperature mediates vector transmission efficiency: inoculum supply and plant infection dynamics. Ann Appl Biol. 2009; 155:361–369.

Rajan S. Impact assessment of climate change in mango and guava research. Malhotra Publishing, New Delhi. 2008; pp 54–60.

Makhmale S, Bhutada P, Yadav L, Yadav BK. Impact of climate change on phenology of mango: a case study. Ecol Environ Conserv Pap. 2016; 22:119–124.

Chadha KL. Global climate change and Indian horticulture, climate dynamics in horticultural science. In: Chaudhary ML, Patel VB, Siddiqui MW, Verma RB (eds) Impact, adaptation and mitigation. 2015; vol. 2, Apple Academic Press, Hoboken, p 351.

Rajan S. In: Sthapit BR, Ramanatha Rao V, Sthapit SR (eds) Phenological responses to temperature and rainfall: a case study of mango, tropical fruit tree species and climate change. Bioversity International, New Delhi. 2012.

Kumar R, Kumar KK. Managing physiological disorders in litchi. Indian Hortic. 2007; 52(1):22–24.

Kliewer MW, Lider LA. Effects of day temperature and light intensity on growth and composition of Vitisvinifera L. fruits. J Am SocHortic Sci. 1970; 95:766–776.

Bora Popy, Saikia K and Ahmed SS. 2020b.Molecular identification of pathogenic fungi associated with storage rot of Colocasiaesculanta and evaluation of bioagents against the pathogen. Pest Management in Horticultural Ecosystem26(1): 123-130.

Bora LC and Bora Popy. 2008.Vemicompost- based bioformulation for management ofbacterial wilt of tomato in poly house. Journal of Mycology and Plant Pathology38(3): 527-530.

Bora LC and Bora Popy. 2010.Pseudomonas fluorescens PfD-1 based biopesticide ‘BioforPf ’ for management of wilt disease of tomato and ‘Bhootchilli. In: Non-Chemical Insect Pest Management. (Ed: Ignacimuthu, S and David, B.V.), Elite Publishing House Pvt Ltd, New Delhi,. pp. 149-155.

Bora Popy, Deka PC and SarmahAK. 2016b. Efficacy of Pseudomonas fluorescens and Trichodermaviride based bioformulation for management of bacterial wilt disease of ginger. International Journal of Plant Science11: 34-39.

Bora Popy,Saikia K, Hazarika H and Ragesh G. 2019. Exploring potential of bacterial endophydes in disease management of horticultural crops. Current Horticulture7: 32-37.

Bora Popy, Bora LC and MonojGogoi. 2020b(Potential of Trichodermaspp for pestmanagement and plant growth promotion in NE India. In: Advances in Trichoderma research. (Ed: P. Sharma and Anil Sharma), Springer Publication, New York, USA,pp.205-220.

Bora Popy, Bora LC, Begum M.2013. Eco-friendly management of bacterial wilt disease in brinjal through application of antagonistic microbial population. Journal of Biological Control27(1): 29-34.

Bora Popy, Bora LC and Bhuyan RP.2021. Evaluation of botanicals and microbial bioformulations for management of grey blight disease of tea under organic production system. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences91 (01): 54-57.

Bora Popy, Bora LC and Deka PC. 2016a. Efficacy of substrate based bioformulation of microbial antagonists in the management of bacterial diseasesof some solanaceous vegetables in Assam. Journal of Biological Control30 (1): 49-54.

Bora Popy and Bora LC. 2020. Microbial approach for disease management in horticultural crops:An overview. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences90(8): 1389-1386.

Bora Popy and Bora LC. 2021. Microbial antagonists and botanicals mediated disease management in tea, Camellia sinensis (L.).O.Kuntze: an overview. Crop Protection. 148:105711. Doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2021.105711.

Kumar R, Shukla O. Effect of temperature on growth, development and reproduction of fruit fly Bractocera dorsalis. Hendel (DipteraTephritidae) in mango. J Ecofriendly Agric. 2010; 5 (2):150–153.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Research & Reviews: Journal of Crop Science and Technology