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Ecotourism in Mizoram: Problems and Prospects

Chandan Sarkar


As in North Eastern India, Mizoram is one of the Seven Sister States listed. On 20 February 1987, it became India's 23rd state. Nestled in the north-eastern part of India at the southern tip, it is a mountainous state. Aizawl is the capital and one of the least-frequented towns in India. There are 10 major national parks and wildlife sanctuaries in the state and it is a hotspot for biodiversity. It has a trans-boundary basin called Kaladan on the river. For the more adventurous spirit, the scenery and rivers are ideal for various outdoor sports and activities. The environment is unbelievable and the climate is really viable. One of India's most stable states is Mizoram. For tourists, it has many destinations. Tourism development has been negatively impacted by the lack of a state tourism policy. During 2009-14, 42 tourist lodges and highway restaurants in the state incurred a maintenance cost of Rs. 734.05 lakh, against which, according to a CAG estimate, only Rs. 266.85 lakh was received as revenue. The Comptroller and Auditor General of India's report said the growth of tourism in Mizoram was unsatisfactory. Mizoram has 36 recognised tourist spots that the State Department of Tourism has established. There are currently 31 tourist lodges available and 5 restaurants on the highway. The capital city with decent facilities for accommodation is Aizawl. Recently, the Hnahlan region has become known for its new winery plants that produce grape wine. The state is doing exceptionally well since acquiring statehood to maintain unity and peace. The state's economy is focused primarily on agriculture, and the state has few cottage industries and some small-scale agro-based industries. If proper values are practised about indigenous people and the climate, the industry will develop in a healthy way. It is vital that things are not done harmfully and that nature admires them.


North-eastern; forests; Aizawl; Mountain; policy; visitors

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