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Influence of Geography and Gestation on Breast Milk Microbiota

Jasmina Javaid Shah, Meenakshi .


Breast milk serves as a critical source of nutrition and immune factors crucial for infant health and development. This study sought to delve into the intricate relationship between geographical location, gestational age, and the microbiota present in breast milk, aiming to shed light on their collective impact on infant well-being. Twenty breast milk samples were meticulously gathered from lactating mothers at Civil Hospital Mohali, representing a diverse cross-section of individuals. Through rigorous laboratory analyses, the microbial composition of these samples was thoroughly scrutinized, allowing for a comprehensive assessment of the interplay between geographical factors and gestational age on breast milk microbiota. Remarkably, lactobacillus spp. emerged as the dominant bacterial species across the samples, echoing previous research showcasing the probiotic potential of breast milk. However, the presence of other bacterial strains, including streptococcus spp., Enterococcus spp., and Bifidobacterium spp., underscored the rich diversity inherent in breast milk microbiota. Furthermore, the findings highlighted the nuanced influence of geographical location and gestational age on the microbial landscape of breast milk. Factors such as regional variations and the duration of gestation appeared to exert discernible effects on the composition and abundance of specific microbial species, thereby shaping the overall microbial profile of breast milk. In conclusion, this study underscores the multifaceted role of breast milk as a dynamic reservoir of beneficial microbes, with geographical location and gestational age acting as influential determinants of its microbial composition. The dominance of lactobacillus spp. underscores the potential immunological benefits conferred by breast milk, underscoring its pivotal role in promoting infant health and development.


Breast Milk, Microbiota, Gram Staining, Lactobacillus, Staphylococcus, Streptococcus

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