Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Accumulator Plants for Phytoremediation: An Attempt from Mangampeta and Vemula Barite Mining Areas, Kadapa District, Andhra Pradesh, India

Vangeepuram Raghu


Mining alters the natural landscape discharging large volumes of wastes which pose serious pollution hazards to the environment, to human health, and to agriculture. Abandoned mine wastes cause severe pollution impacting the local environment. The use of a vegetation cover ameliorates in reclaiming mine-spoils and tailings. A biogeochemical survey was carried out in Mangampeta and Vemula barite mining areas to identify native accumulator plants and to evaluate the extent of metal bioaccumulation in the naturally growing vegetation for reclamation and revegetation of adversely affected mining environments. It was found that Cassia auriculata for Sr from Mangampeta and Indigofera cordifolia for Ba and Cassia angustifolia for Sr from Vemula are considered accumulators irrespective of their substrate concentration. Based on biological absorption coefficient, in the Mangampeta area, Vitex negundo for Sr and Cassia angustifolia for Sr in Vemula is considered as accumulator plants. However, there are a few plant species identified as accumulators for elements other than ore and its associated elements (Ba and Sr) in both the mining areas. The selection of the native plant species is important in the revegetation, long-term stability, and resilience of an ecosystem. Uptake of heavy metals by plants using phytoremediation technology seems to be a successful way to ameliorate contaminated environments. Detailed research is needed to find out which plant is maximum resistant and best adapted in a particular mining environment. 


Accumulator plants, barite mining areas, biogeochemistry, biological absorption coefficient, reclamation

Full Text:



RJ Ebens, HT Shacklette. Geochemistry of some rocks, mine spoils, stream sediments, soils, plants, and waters in the Western Energy Region of the Conterminous United States. U.S. Geol. Survey Prof. Paper. 1237. 1982. p. 173.

AP Vinogradov. Biogeochemical provinces and their role in organic evolution (in French), Internat. Monogr. E. Sci. 1964: 15: 317–337.

C Karunakaran. Sulphur isotopic composition of barite and pyrites from Mangampeta, Cuddapah District, Andhra Pradesh. J. Geol. Soc. India. 1976; 17(2): 181–185.

RN Prasad, EB Prasannan. Asbestos-barytes-steatite mineralization in the lower Cuddapah of Andhra Pradesh. Geol. Survey India . 1976; 23: 560–568.

RR Brooks. Geobotany and Biogeochemistry in Mineral Exploration. New York: Harper and Row; 1972. p. 290.

V Sheoran, AS Sheoran, P Poonia. Phytoremediation of metal contaminated mining sites. Int. Jour. Earth Sci. Eng. 2012; 5(3): 428–436.

E Epstein. Mineral Nutrition of Plants: Principles and Perceptive. New Delhi: Wiley Eastern; 1972. p. 307.

EAV Prasad, D Vijayasaradhi. Biogeochemistry of chromium and vanadium from mineralized zones of Kondapalli and Putrela, Krishna District, Andhra Pradesh. J. Geol. Soc. India. 1985; 26: 133–136.

K Kesava Raju, R Jagadeeswara Rao. Red Sanders—an accumulator plant for strontium. Geobios. 1988; 15(5): 207–209.

WL Berry. Plant factors influencing the use of plant analysis as a tool for biogeochemical prospecting. In: D Carlisle, WL Berry, IR Kaplan, JR Watterson (eds). Mineral Exploration: Biological Systems and Organic Matter. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall; 1986. pp. 13–32.

AL Kovalevskii. Some observations in biogeochemical parameters (in Russian). Trudy. Buryat. Inst. Estestvenn. Nauk. 1969; 2: 195–214.

DA Sabinin. Fiziologiches-kie osnovy pitaniya rasteneii (Physiological bases of food for plants). Moscow: Izd-Vo AN SSSR; 1955. p. 512.

AI Perelman. Geochemistry of Land Area. (in Russian). Moscow; 1966. p. 392.

RR Brooks. Biological Methods of Prospecting for Minerals. New York: John Wiley and Sons; 1983. p. 322.

J Petelka, J Abraham, A Bockreis, JP Deikumah, S Zerbe. Soil heavy metal(loid) pollution and phytoremediation potential of native plants on a former gold mine in Ghana. Water Air Soil Pollut. 2019; 230(11).

AL Kovalevskii. Biogeochemical Exploration for Mineral Deposits. New Delhi: Amerind Publ. Co. Pvt. Ltd.; 1979. p. 136.

BC Severne, RR Brooks. A nickel accumulating plant from Western Australia (Hybanthus floribunda). Planta. 1972; 103(1): 91–94.

HL Cannon. Geochemistry of rocks and related soils and vegetation in the Yellow Cat area Grand County, Utah. U.S. Geol. Surv. Bull. 1176. 1964. p. 127.

JE Coaldrake, MJ Russel. Rehabilitation with pasture after open-cut coal mining at three sites in the Bowen Coal Basin of Queensland. Recla. Rev. 1978; 1: 1–7.

MJ Russel, BR Roberts. Revegetation of coal mine spoil using pasture on the Darling downs of Queensland, Australia. Recla. Reveg. Res. 1986; 5(4): 509–519.

DL Hall. Reclamation planning for coal strip-mined lands in Montana. Recla. Reveg. Res. 1987; 14(1): 45–55.

GT Goodman, CER Petcairn, PE Gemmel. Ecological factors affecting growth on sites contaminated with heavy metals. In: RJ Hutnik, G Davis (Eds). New York: Gordon and Breach; 1973. pp. 149–173.

AD Bradshaw, MS Humphries, MS Johnson, RD Roberts. The restoration of vegetation on derelict land produced by industrial activity. In: MW Holdgate, MJ Woodman. (eds). The Breakdown and Restoration of Ecosystems. New York: Plenum Press; 1978. pp. 249–278.

PR Warman. The Gays River mine tailings revegetation study. Landscape and Urban Plan. 1988; 16(3): 283–288.

HB Peterson, RF Nielson. Toxicities and deficiencies in mine tailings. In: RJ Hutnik, G Davis, (eds). Ecology and Reclamation of Devastated Land. New York: Gordon and Breach; 1973. pp. 15–25.

HM Perry, EF Aldon, JH Brock. Reclamation of an asbestos mill waste site in the south-western United States. Recla. Reveg. Res. 1987; 6(3): 187–196.

SC Joshi, G Bhattacharya. Mining and Environment. Nainital: HRG Publication Series; 1988. pp. 467.

HJM Bowen, JA Dymond. Strontium and barium in plants and soils. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences. 1955; 144(916): 355–368.

A Nagaraju, KSS Prasad. Biogeochemical patterns associated with mica pegmatite of Nellore mica belt, Andhra Pradesh. Jour. Geol. Soc. India. 2000; 55(6): 655–661.

V Raghu. Accumulation of elements in plants and soils in and around Mangampeta and Vemula barite mining areas, Cuddapah District, Andhra Pradesh, India. Environ. Geol. 2001; 40(10): 1265–1277. DOI: 10.1007/s002540100308.

SL Wang, WB Liao, FQ Yu, B Liao, WS Shu. Hyperaccumulation of lead, zinc, and cadmium in plants growing on a lead/zinc outcrop in Yunnan Province, China. Environ. Geol. 2009; 58(3): 471–476.

BE Malayeri, A Chehregani, F Mohsenzadeh, F Kazemeini, M Asgari. Plants growing in a mining area: screening for metal accumulator plants possibly useful for bioremediation. Jour. Toxi. Environ. Chem. 2013; 95(3): 434–444.

K Krzciuk, A Gałuszka. Prospecting for hyperaccumulators of trace elements: a review. Jour. Critical Rev. Biotech. 35(4): 2015; 35(4): 522–532.

AS Jameer, S Sumithra, R Yamuna. Screening for strontium accumulator plants in the vicinity of Tummalapalle uranium mining site, Kadapa District, AP, India. Int. Jour. Environ. Sci. 2015; 6(1): 37–45. DOI: 10.6088/ijes.6005.

MB Myrvang, MH Hillersøy, M Heim, MA Bleken, E Gjengedal. Uptake of macro nutrients, barium, and strontium by vegetation from mineral soils on carbonatite and pyroxenite bedrock at the Lillebukt Alkaline Complex on Stjernøy, Northern Norway. Jour. Plant Nutri. Soil Sci. 2016; 179(6): 705–716.

H Sarma. Metal Hyperaccumulation in plants: a review focusing on phytoremediation technology. Jour. Environ. Sci. Tech. 2011; 4(2): 118–138. DOI: 10.3923/jest.2011.118.138.

G Gajić, L Djurdjević, O Kostić, S Jarić, M Mitrović, P Pavlović. Ecological potential of plants for phytoremediation and ecorestoration of fly ash deposits and mine wastes. Front. Environ. Sci. 6, 124, (2018; 6(124): 1–24.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Research & Reviews: Journal of Ecology

eISSN: 2278–2230