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Effect of Oil Spills on Marine life

Jyoti Kapila, Harvinder Kaur Sidhu


Oil spill is the release of a liquid petroleum hydrocarbon into the environment especially marine areas due to human activities and is a form of pollution. Oil spill pollution can have multiple causes both of natural and anthropogenic origin. The major oil spills of the world include Exxon Valdez oil spill, Arabian Gulf spill, Deepwater Horizon spill and Mumbai oil spill. Oil spills have negative impact on marine ecosystem which includes both plant and animal life. Even the salt tolerant species of mangroves are being affected as the roots become clogged which results in oxygen cut off. The animals which are most effected includes Pinnipeds, Sirenians, Cetaceans, Marine mammals, Sea birds, Sea turtles etc. Oil spills can be controlled by both natural and synthetic methods. Usually most of the oil spill accidents are caused by human errors. Hence, this can be reduced if one takes required precautions and proper safety assessments.


Oil spill, pollution, hydrocarbon, marine ecosystem, anthropogenic, mangroves, clogged

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