Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Factors for Low Uses of Men Family Planning Methods: Kumarkhali Upazila in Kushtia District, Bangladesh

Md. Torikul Islam


Bangladesh is an over density population country in the world and Bangladesh's government and different organizations working to control the population in the last century. Various male base family planning programs are developed to make a significant contribution to this
field. This study was conducted to determine factors for low uses of men's family planning methods at Kumarkhali Upazila in Kushtia District, Bangladesh. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 390 married male household heads which include 246 contraceptive users and 144 non-users at Kumarkhali Upazila. The study found that respondents' age, education level, the total number of children, distance from respondents’ home to getting family planning services facility (Kilometer), availability of desire methods at health centers and the attitude of the health care workers were highly significantly associated with low uses of the men’s family planning methods (p=0.000). Most of the people at the Upazila are illiterate and they were not so much concerned about the family planning method and its applications. And also, the attitude of the health care workers was not good enough for the consumer as well as the service available from the health centers was not sufficient. If the respondent had less than 2 children they were tried to avoid the men's family planning method, as Bangladeshi people are currently highly motivated to take 2 children. So, the education facility and concern about men's family planning methods should be developed and should be given the proper training for the service provider of the health center as well as servicing facility to get the family planning methods must be increased.


Factors, contraceptive method, pregnancies, unsafe abortion, Kumarkhali Upazila, Bangladesh

Full Text:



Sclar, Elliott D., and Mary E. Northridge. Slums, slum dwellers, and health. (2003): 1381–1381.

Montgomery, Mark. Urban poverty and health in developing countries. (2009): 1–16.

Kamal, SM Mostafa. Socioeconomic factors associated with contraceptive use and method choice in urban slums of Bangladesh. Asia Pacific Journal of Public Health. 27.2 (2015): NP2661-NP2676.

Islam, Nazrul, et al. Slums of urban Bangladesh: mapping and census 2005. (2006).

Hussain, Akhtar, SM Keramat Ali, and Gunnar Kvåle. Determinants of mortality among children in the urban slums of Dhaka city, Bangladesh. Tropical Medicine & International Health. 4.11 (1999): 758–764.

Stethoscope, Bangladesh population 2016. link:

World Population Review, Bangladesh Population 2019. Link:

Begum, M. Factors affecting family size in rural Bangladesh. Bangladesh Medical Research Council bulletin 30.3 (2004): 115–124.

Bakibinga, Pauline, et al. The influence of religion and ethnicity on family planning approval: a case for women in rural Western Kenya. Journal of religion and health 55.1 (2016): 192–205.

Kamal, Mohammad M., et al. Determinants of male involvement in family planning and reproductive health in Bangladesh. American Journal of Human Ecology 2.2 (2013): 83–93.

Raine, Tina R., et al. Contraceptive decision-making in sexual relationships: young men's experiences, attitudes and values. Culture, Health & Sexuality. 12.4 (2010): 373–386.

Niport, Mitra. Macro International. 2009. Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey 2007 (2007).

Mostafa Kamal S.M., Md Aynul Islam. Contraceptive use: socioeconomic correlates and method choices in rural Bangladesh. Asia Pacific Journal of Public Health 22.4 (2010): 436–450.

Bongaarts, John, Susan Cotts Watkins. Social interactions and contemporary fertility transitions. Population and Development Review. 22 (1996): 639–682.

Mitra S.N., Charles Lerman, and Shahidul Islam. Bangladesh Contraceptive Survey-1991: Final Report. Dhaka: Mitra and Associates, 1993.

Walston, Naomi. Challenges and opportunities for male involvement in reproductive health in Cambodia. United States Agency for International Development (USAID) Policy Project. 2005.

Barkat, Abul, Mati Ur Rahman, M.L. Bose. Family planning choice behaviour in urban slums of Bangladesh: an econometric approach. Asia-Pacific Population Journal 12.1 (1997): 17–32.

Khan, Mehrab, Mizanur Rahman. Determinants of contraceptive method-choice in rural Bangladesh. International

Centre for Diarrhoeal Diseases Research Bangladesh: Dhaka, 1996.

Adanu, Richard MK, et al. Contraceptive use by women in Accra, Ghana: results from the 2003 Accra Women’s Health Survey. African Journal of Reproductive Health. 13.1 (2009).

Mon, Myo-Myo, Tippawan Liabsuetrakul. Predictors of contraceptive use among married youths and their husbands in a rural area of Myanmar. Asia Pacific Journal of Public Health 24.1 (2012): 151–160.

Saleem, Shabana, and Martin Bobak. Women's autonomy, education and contraception use in Pakistan: a national study. Reproductive health 2.1 (2005): 8.

Al Riyami, Asya, Mustafa Afifi, and Ruth M. Mabry. Women's autonomy, education and employment in Oman and their influence on contraceptive use. Reproductive Health Matters 12.23 (2004): 144–154.

Fikree, Fariyal F., et al. What influences contraceptive use among young women in urban squatter settlements of Karachi, Pakistan? International family planning perspectives (2001): 130–136.

Martin, Teresa Castro. Women’s education and fertility: results from 26 demographic and health surveys. Studies in Family Planning. 26.4 (1995): 187–202.

Jejeebhoy, Shireen J. Women's education, autonomy, and reproductive behaviour: Experience from developing countries. OUP Catalogue (1995).

Mostafa Kamal S.M., Md Aynul Islam. Contraceptive use: socioeconomic correlates and method choices in rural Bangladesh. Asia Pacific Journal of Public Health. 22.4 (2010): 436–450.

BBS. Report of the household income and expenditure survey. 2010. (2011).


  • There are currently no refbacks.