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Quality Appraisal for the Ornamental Bird, Fish, Dog, and Cat Foods Available in Bangladesh

Rupom Devnath, Khirujjaman Sumon, Joya Dhar Mumu, Priunka Bhowmik, Nasima Akter, Md. Nahid Sultan, Shilpi Islam, Md Emran Hossain


The study aimed to assess if the chemical composition of different avian, aquatic, dog, and cat foods commonly available in Chattogram, Bangladesh adheres to the recommended standards. Food samples were collected and subjected to proximate analysis for the dry matter (DM), crude protein (CP), crude fibre (CF), ether extract (EE), nitrogen free extract (NFE), and total ash (TA). The plant seeds used for ornamental birds exhibited substantial variability in terms of proximate components. The maximum variability was observed in case of CF contents (101.3%), followed by EE (88.3%), NFE (37.1%), CP (35.8%), TA (33.3%) and DM (2.9%) contents. The DM (94.6%) and EE (34.2%) were highest in the sunflower (Helianthus annuus), the CP was highest (24.9%) in the hemp (Cannabis sativa), the CF was highest (35.0%) in the chia (Salvia hispanica), the NFE was highest (83.3%) in the rice (Oryza sativa), and the TA was highest (6.8%) in the guji (Guizotia abyssinica) seeds. The mean values of the dog and cat foods revealed that DM, CP, CF, EE, NFE, and TA were 93.4, 31.0, 2.6, 10.5, 49.1, and 6.8%, respectively for different brands. The observed variations among minimum and maximum values were DM 3.0%, CP 12.7%, CF 1.5%, EE 13.8%, NFE 26.9%, and TA 3.2%. The proximate analysis of aquarium fish foods revealed that the mean values of DM, CP, CF, EE, NFE, and TA were 94.6, 26.7, 4.2, 5.3, 51.7, and 6.8%, respectively for different brands. The observed variations among minimum and maximum values were DM 1.9%, CP 5.2%, CF 1.5%, EE 1.6%, NFE 5.7%, and TA 1.6%. Overall, all the brands met or exceeded the minimum standards. Pets being sensitive to food allergy in addition to proximate analysis, feeding trials are recommended to ensure acceptability, palatability, and digestibility of the pet foods.


Crude fibre, crude protein, ether extract, pet food, total ash

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