Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Microencapsulation Technology and It’s Application in Dairy Industry: A Review

Jambukiya Hitesh Kanubhai, Borad Bhargav Jitendrabhai


Microencapsulation of bioactive compound or nutrient is one of the important applications in dairy and food industry. Microencapsulation is an attractive technique to enhance the stability of bioactive compounds with controlled release. This article provides an overview of various encapsulation techniques such as spray drying, fluidized-bed drying, solvent evaporation, coacervation and extrusion method, and different encapsulated bioactive compounds or nutrient which have been used for the fortification of dairy products like milk, yoghurt, ice-cream, cheese, powder. In milk encapsulated iron, vitamin C, chitosan, isoflavone, conjugated linoleic acid, and peanut sprout extract have been carried out to further improve its nutritional value. Encapsulated probiotics have been used in yoghurt, ice-cream, cheese and milk powder.


Microencapsulation, Bioactive compound, Dairy industry, Spray drying, Fortification, Milk, Probiotics

Full Text:



Kwak, H.S., Mijan, M.A. and Ganesan, P., 2014. Application of nanomaterials, nano-and microencapsulation to milk and dairy products. Nano‐and Microencapsulation for Foods, 1, pp.273-300.

Lachman, L., Lieberman, H.A. and Kanig, J.L., 1991. “Granulation”, The Theory and practice of industrial pharmacy, 3, pp. 412-428.

Suave, J., Dall'Agnol, E.C., Pezzin, A.P.T., Silva, D.A.K., Meier, M.M. and Soldi, V., 2006. Microencapsulation: Innovation in different areas. Health and Environment Journal/Health and Environment Journal, 7(2), pp.12-20.

Laohasongkram, K., Mahamaktudsanee, T. and Chaiwanichsiri, S., 2011. Microencapsulation of Macadamia oil by spray drying. Procedia Food Science, 1, pp.1660- 1665.

Madene, A., Jacquot, M., Scher, J. and Desobry, S., 2006. Flavour encapsulation and controlled release–a review. International journal of food science & technology, 41(1), pp.1- 21.

Wurster DE. 1953. US Patent 2648609

Tsutsumi, A., 1998. Coating granulation by rapid expansion of supercritical fluid solutions. The 3rd World Cong. on Particle Technol., Bridhton, UK, July 7-9, 1998.

Matsuda, S., Hatano, H., Kuramoto, K. and Tsutsumi, A., 2001. Fluidization of ultrafine particles with high G. Journal of chemical engineering of Japan, 34(2), pp.121-125.

Gouin, S., 2004. Microencapsulation: industrial appraisal of existing technologies and trends. Trends in food science & technology, 15(7-8), pp.330-347.

Tarun, G. and Murthy, R.S.R., 2011. Patented microencapsulation techniques and its application. Journal of Pharmacy Research, 4(7), pp.2097-2102.

Benita, S. ed., 2005. Microencapsulation: methods and industrial applications. Crc Press.

Lam, P.L. and Gambari, R., 2014. Advanced progress of microencapsulation technologies: in vivo and in vitro models for studying oral and transdermal drug deliveries. Journal of Controlled Release, 178, pp.25-45.

Prajapati, V.D., Jani, G.K. and Kapadia, J.R., 2015. Current knowledge on biodegradable microspheres in drug delivery. Expert opinion on drug delivery, 12(8), pp.1283-1299.

Jyothi, N.V.N., Prasanna, P.M., Sakarkar, S.N., Prabha, K.S., Ramaiah, P.S. and Srawan, G.Y., 2010. Microencapsulation techniques, factors influencing encapsulation efficiency. Journal of microencapsulation, 27(3), pp.187-197.

Azeredo, H.D., 2008. Encapsulation: application to food technology. Food and Nutrition Araraquara, 16(1), pp.89-97.

Freitas, S., Merkle, H.P. and Gander, B., 2005. Microencapsulation by solvent extraction/evaporation: reviewing the state of the art of microsphere preparation process technology. Journal of controlled release, 102(2), pp.313-332.

Oliveira, M.N.D., Sivieri, K., Alegro, J.H.A. and Saad, S.M.I., 2002. Technological aspects of functional foods containing probiotics. Revista Brasileira de Ciências Farmacêuticas, 38(1), pp.1-21.

Comunian, T.A., Thomazini, M., Alves, A.J.G., de Matos Junior, F.E., de Carvalho Balieiro, J.C. and Favaro-Trindade, C.S., 2013. Microencapsulation of ascorbic acid by complex coacervation: Protection and controlled release. Food Research International, 52(1), pp.373- 379.

Prüsse, U., Bilancetti, L., Bučko, M., Bugarski, B., Bukowski, J., Gemeiner, P., Lewińska, D., Manojlovic, V., Massart, B., Nastruzzi, C. and Nedovic, V., 2008. Comparison of different technologies for alginate beads production. Chemical Papers, 62(4), pp.364-374.

Sharma, R. and Lal, D., 2005. Fortification of milk with microencapsulated vitamin C and its thermal stability. JOURNAL OF FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY-MYSORE-, 42(2), p.191.

Baik, O.R., Uy, R.S. and Byun, S.M., 1980. Hydrolysis of Lactose in Milk by Microencapsulated Beta-Galactosidase. Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology, 12(1), pp.45-52.

Rodríguez-Nogales, J.M. and López, A.D., 2006. A novel approach to develop β- galactosidase entrapped in liposomes in order to prevent an immediate hydrolysis of lactose in milk. International dairy journal, 16(4), pp.354-360.

Choi, H.J., Ahn, J., Kim, N.C. and Kwak, H.S., 2006. The effects of microencapsulated chitooligosaccharide on physical and sensory properties of the milk. Asian-Australasian journal of animal sciences, 19(9), pp.1347-1353.

Jeon, B.J., Kim, N.C., Han, E.M. and Kwak, H.S., 2005. Application of microencapsulated isoflavone into milk. Archives of pharmacal research, 28(7), pp.859-865.

Jimenez, M., Garcia, H.S. and Beristain, C.I., 2006. Spray‐dried encapsulation of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) with polymeric matrices. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 86(14), pp.2431-2437.

Thangaraj, S. and Seethalakshmi, M., 2015. Application of microencapsulation technology for the production of Vitamin-C fortified flavoured milk. J. Adv. Dairy Res, 3(3), p.143.

Karthikeyan, N., Elango, A., Kumaresan, G., Gopalakrishnamurty, T.R. and Raghunath, B.V., 2014. Enhancement of probiotic viability in ice cream by microencapsulation. International Journal of Science, Environment and Technology, 3(1), pp.339-347.

Kheadr, E.E., Vuillemard, J.C. and El-Deeb, S.A., 2003. Impact of liposome-encapsulated enzyme cocktails on cheddar cheese ripening. Food Research International, 36(3), pp.241- 252.

Gaucheron, F., 2000. Iron fortification in dairy industry. Trends in Food Science & Technology, 11(11), pp.403-409.

Ningtyas, D.W., Bhandari, B., Bansal, N. and Prakash, S., 2019. The viability of probiotic Lactobacillus rhamnosus (non-encapsulated and encapsulated) in functional reduced-fat cream cheese and its textural properties during storage. Food Control, 100, pp.8-16.

Liu, L., Chen, P., Zhao, W., Li, X., Wang, H. and Qu, X., 2017. Effect of microencapsulation with the Maillard reaction products of whey proteins and isomaltooligosaccharide on the survival rate of Lactobacillus rhamnosus in white brined cheese. Food Control, 79, pp.44-49.

Afzaal, M., Saeed, F., Ateeq, H., Ahmed, A., Ahmad, A., Tufail, T., Ismail, Z. and Anjum, F.M., 2020. Encapsulation of Bifidobacterium bifidum by internal gelation method to access the viability in cheddar cheese and under simulated gastrointestinal conditions. Food science & nutrition, 8(6), pp.2739-2747.

Abd-Elhamid, A.M., 2012. Production of functional kariesh cheese by microencapsulation of Bifidobacterium adolescentis ATCC 15704. Advance Journal of Food Science and Technology, 4(2), pp.112-117.

Brinques, G.B. and Ayub, M.A.Z., 2011. Effect of microencapsulation on survival of Lactobacillus plantarum in simulated gastrointestinal conditions, refrigeration, and yogurt. Journal of food engineering, 103(2), pp.123-128.

Subash, R., Elango, A., Pandiyan, C., Karthikeyan, N. and Kumaresan, G., 2015. Fortification of microencapsulated iron in yoghurt. International journal of food and nutritional sciences, 4(1), p.201.

Ranadheera, C.S., Evans, C.A., Adams, M.C. and Baines, S.K., 2015. Microencapsulation of Lactobacillus acidophilus LA-5, Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis BB-12 and Propionibacterium jensenii 702 by spray drying in goat's milk. Small Ruminant Research, 123(1), pp.155-159.


  • There are currently no refbacks.